Sangjoon Kim (1932 - )

Graduated from Yale University, Ph.D in Political Science.

Professor of Department of Political Science of St. Joseph's University and Sogang University.

 

 My father-Sangjoon Kim - was a child prodigy, born July 12, 1932 as the first and last child. He received his early education under Japanese colony period in Korea. In the aftermath of the Japanese occupation of Korea which ended with Japan's defeat in World War II in 1945, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel in accordance with a United Nations arrangement, to be administered by the Soviet Union in the north and the United States in the south. South Korea's subsequent history is marked by alternating periods of democratic and autocratic rule. Civilian governments are conventionally numbered from the First Republic of Syngman Rhee. The First Republic, arguably democratic at its inception, became increasingly autocratic until its collapse in 1960.

 

 His father had died in 1935, shortly after his birth. Therefore, entering the Medical college of the Seoul National University in 1953, he had to pay his own way through university. He specialized in Mathematics, and initially intended to become an actuary but found the exams cumbersome and quit. During his time at the Medical college of SNU, he fell under the influence of one famous politician, Chang Myon (John M. Chang) - Prime Minister in South Korea (, 1899.8.28~1966.6.4). At the height of the political crisis in South Korea, Chang Myon convinced him that the study of Political Science could help to solve the ongoing Korea difficulties. Personally, the most important event of his life was meeting Chang Myon . After this meeting, he made very important decision for his life. He changed his major from medicine to political science.

 

 Political Science is the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behaviour. Topics in Political Science include political theory and philosophy, political concepts, political systems, ideology, game theory, electoral-voting systems, psephology (voting theory and electoral statistical analysis), geopolitics and political geography, political economy, policy studies and public policy analysis, comparative politics/cross-national political analysis, national political systems

 

(eg, centralisation, regionalism, federalism, core-periphery studies, nation-state analysis etc), international political systems (eg, supranationalism, intergovernmentalism, military alliances, hegemony studies), globalisation studies, political development, postcolonialism studies, institutional theory, international relations, foreign policy analysis, peace studies, conflict analysis, strategic studies, diplomacy studies, international law and politics,

 

public administration and local government studies, political party and coalition analysis, political psychology, political sociology and socialisation studies, micropolitical/behavioural analysis, political history, interest group/pressure group/lobby politics (especially environmental politics/political ecology),bureaucractic studies, administrative and judicial behaviour, legislative processes and public law. Political Science also studies power in international relations and the theory of great powers and also superpowers. Political Science is methodologically diverse.

 

 Approaches to the discipline include classical political philosophy, interpretivism, structuralism, and behavioralism, rationalism, realism, pluralism, and institutionalism. Political science, as one of the social sciences, uses methods and techniques that relate to the kinds of inquiries sought: primary sources such as historical documents and official records, secondary sources such as scholarly journal articles, survey research, statistical analysis, case studies, and formal model building.

The best works that provide general overviews of South Korean politics can be found in books that address the modern history of the two Koreas. They address some of the most important shared historical experiences such as the Japanese colonialism, the occupation, the division, the Korean War, and the Cold War in general to highlight the origins of South Korean politics.

 

1954, at a time of political unrest in Korea, he went to United State. He got the Fulbright Fellowships. The Fulbright Program aka Fulbright-Hays Program is a program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships and Fulbright Scholarships), founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright, and sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State, governments in other countries, and the private sector. The program was established to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills. The program was created through the efforts of Arkansas Senator J. William Fulbright, who promulgated its passage through the US Senate in 1946.

 

  It is considered one of the most prestigious award programs and it operates in 144 countries. More Fulbright alumni have won Nobel Prizes than those of any other academic program, including two in 2002. The Fulbright Program provides funds for students, scholars, and professionals to undertake graduate study, advanced research, university teaching, and teaching in elementary and secondary schools abroad. The initial reach of this program had been primarily European countries, and now the program operates worldwide.

 

 The program is administered by 51 binational Fulbright commissions, US Embassies, and cooperating organizations. Its first participants went overseas in 1948, funded by war reparations and foreign loan repayments to the United States. Today, it is funded by Congressional appropriations and funding provided by partner governments. The program also receives important in-kind and financial support from academic institutions, foundations, and the private sector. In the 60 years since it was created, more than 250,000 individuals have received Fulbright grants - more than 100,000 Americans and more than 150,000 citizens of other countries. These individuals have established more than 150 national or sub-national alumni organizations. Fulbright grants are administered by several organizations, including the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Education, the Institute for International Education and the Council for International Exchange of Scholars.

 

 Finally, he went to Yale University to study the political science. Yale has been home to some of the world's foremost political scientists, including Gabriel Almond, Robert Dahl, Karl Deutsch, Robert Lane, Harold Lasswell, and Charles Lindblom. Many Political Science faculty also play active roles in related programs at Yale, such as the Program in Ethics, Politics, and Economics; Directed Studies; the Institution for Social And Policy Studies; the Center for International and Area Studies; The Robert Wood Johnson Program in Health Policy; and the Globalization Program. The Department also sponsors numerous seminars, lectures, and conferences that are open to all members of the Yale community.

International students have made their way to Yale since the 1830s, when the first Latin American student enrolled. The first Chinese citizen to earn a degree at a Western college or university came to Yale in 1850. Yales distinguished faculty includes many who have been trained or educated abroad and many whose fields of research have a global emphasis; and international studies and exchanges play an increasingly important role in the Yale College curriculum. The University began admitting women students at the graduate level in 1869, and as undergraduates in 1969.

 

During 1950s-1960s, my father had learned the game theory from Prof. Martin Shubik and Prof. Thomas Schelling at Yale University. Martin Shubik is an American economist, who is Professor Emeritus of Mathematical Institutional Economics at Yale University. He was educated at the University of Toronto and Princeton University. On the Yale faculty since 1963, Shubik specializes in strategic analysis, the study of financial institutions, the economics of corporate competition, and game theory. A collection of Shubik's papers, with an emphasis on his work with game theory, is housed at the Rubenstein Library at Duke University. He has written many books and essays, including Political Economy, Oligopoly and Experimental Games, 1999, and The Theory of Money and Financial Institutions, 2004.

Thomas Schelling is an American economist. He was awarded the 2005 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (shared with Robert Aumann) for "having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis". Schelling's theories about war were extended in Arms and Influence, published in 1966. The blurb states that it "carries forward the analysis so brilliantly begun in his earlier The Strategy of Conflict (1960) and Strategy and Arms Control (with Morton Halperin, 1961), and makes a significant contribution to the growing literature on modern war and diplomacy". Chapter headings include The Diplomacy of Violence, The Diplomacy of Ultimate Survival and The Dynamics of Mutual Alarm.

 

 When he was studying at Yale Univ., The military coup led by General Park Chung Hee overthrew the short-lived Second Republic in May 1961, making a shift to a strategy of stimulating growth through export promotion (EP hereafter), although ISI was not altogether abandoned. Under EP, policymakers gave various types of favors -- low interest loans being the most important -- to exporting firms according to their export performance. As the qualification for the special treatment was quantifiable and objective, the room for DUP became significantly smaller. Another advantage of EP over ISI was that it accelerated productivity advances by placing firms under the discipline of export markets and by widening the contact with the developed world: efficiency growth was significantly faster in export industries than in the rest of the economy. In the decade following the shift to EP, per capita output doubled, and South Korea became an industrialized country: from 1960/62 to 1973/75 the share of agriculture in GDP fell from 45 percent to 25 percent, while the share of manufacturing rose from 9 percent to 27 percent. One important factor contributing to the achievement was that the authoritarian government could enjoy relative independence from and avoid capture by special interests.

 

 In the early of 1960s, he graduated from the department of political science at Yale University as the first Korean. Since 1962, he was a professor at the Saint Joseph's College, and 2 year later, he moved to St.John's University, New York. Saint Joseph's University is a private, coeducational Roman Catholic university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The school was founded in 1851 as Saint Joseph's College by the Society of Jesus. Today, Saint Joseph's University is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities. Saint Joseph's University educates over 7,000 students each year in over 40 undergraduate majors, 10 special-study options, 20 study abroad programs, 52 graduate study areas, and an Ed.D. in Educational Leadership. The school is one of 142 nationwide with a Phi Beta Kappa chapter and AACSB business school accreditation.

 

 In 1967, he married with my mom. He thought she was cute and open to trying new things. She thought he seemed shy, but like a decent fellow. A true marriage is the ultimate relationship because it offers the opportunity of limitless intimacy between two people. It is a great and challenging adventure into the depths and heights of caring, affection, trust and understanding. After his wedding, they went to New York, NY.

 

 In 1968, they came back to South Korea. He got the job at Sogang University. He established the department of political science at sogang Univ.in the early of 1970s. Sogang University was established by the Society of Jesus to provide an education based on Catholic belief and inspired by the Jesuit educational philosophy, in conformity with the Korean tradition of education.

Sogang University's goal is to educate the whole human person on foundations of love and faith, encouraging all its members to be intent on the pursuit of learning in a sincere quest for truth, resolved to practice justice and respect the human dignity and worth of every person.

The Sogang univeristy has made significant contribution to the rapid economic growth of Korea during the last four decades. Some of its faculty members have been deeply involved in the design of the economic development program by assuming top level cabinet positions in the government. Due to these important engagements, a group of economists, affiliated with the School and engaged in policy-making, has earned the unique name of Sogang School. The college has risen immediately to contend with the top economics departments in Korea. Based upon this reputation, the School has consistently attracted young talents of the highest caliber, mostly top 1% in the national college entrance exam. Reflecting its excellent research capacity, the School has been ranked among top 3 economics departments in Korea in terms of international journal publications according to RePEc.

 

 

 Through Sogang university's education, he aimed to cultivate people of talent who will devote their lives to the development of a humanistic culture and the union of all mankind.  

 As an educational institution under the guidance of the Society of Jesus, Sogang University aims to provide an education that teaches the veneration of God and an understanding of life's true meaning, according to the tradition established by Jesuit universities throughout the world over the last 460 years.

 

 Modern Korean politics has developed in the midst of great turbulence. In the first half of the twentieth century, Korea experienced Japanese colonial rule, liberation, national division, and civil war. Since then, Korean politics has been dominated by repressive dictatorships and widespread civil uprisings. The transition to democracy has been long and arduous. 

 He and his collegues were members of the State Affairs Advisory Committee in mid 1970s. In the left photo, the forth person from the left is my father and just left side of my dad is Roh, Jebong (1936-, ex-Prime minister of Korea). The person from the rightist side is Cho, Soon (1928-, ex-vice prime minister and chairman of the bank of Korea) and the fifth person from the right is Lee, Hongku (1934-, ex-Prime minister of Korea). In the center, a person with his arms folded is Park, Chung-hee (ex-President of Korea)

 

 He and his collegues were members of the State Affairs Advisory Committee in mid 1970s. In the right photo, the forth person from the left is my father and just left side of my dad is Roh, Jebong (1936-, ex-Prime minister of Korea). The person from the rightist side is Cho, Soon (1928-, ex-vice prime minister and chairman of the bank of Korea) and the fifth person from the right is Lee, Hongku (1934-, ex-Prime minister of Korea). In the center, a person with his arms folded is Park, Chung-hee (ex-President of Korea)

 

Park Chung-hee (November 14, 1917 - October 26, 1979) was a former ROK Army general and the president of the Republic of Korea from 1961 to 1979. He has been credited with the modernization of the Republic of Korea through export-led growth, but is also criticized for his authoritarian way of ruling the country, especially after 1971. He was named one of the top 100 Asians of the Century by Time Magazine (1999). The strength of Park's leadership was evidenced by the remarkable development of industries and rise in the standard of living of average South Korean citizens during his presidency. Many still question Park's judgment, however, as his 1965 normalization of diplomatic relations with Japan had been extremely unpopular and resulted in widespread unrest as memories from Japan's 35-year brutal colonization of Korea proved vivid.

 

However, by normalizing relations with Japan, Park allowed Japanese capital to flow into the country. These aids and loans -- although criticized by many Koreans to be too meager for the 35 years of occupation by Imperial Japan -- along with American aid, helped to restore the depleted capital of South Korea. Nonetheless, it must be noted that with North Korea's economy at the time being bigger and more vibrant than that of South Korea, Park did not have many options or much time to negotiate for more fitting reparations and apologies. This issue still plagues Japan and South Korea's relationship today.

 

 It is alleged by supporters that despite his dictatorial rule and the high growth that occurred during his years in power, Park did not engage in corruption and led a simple life. Detractors allege he was simply a brutal dictator and only brought about high growth through military control over labour.

 

 

 In 1988, he was nominee as a chairman of The Korean Political Science Association. The Korean Political Science Association (KPSA) is a nation-wide academic organization of scholars interested in Political Science, International Relations, and related disciplines. Founded in 1953, it has grown into the largest academic organization in Korea with active membership of over 2,000 individual scholars and institutions. KPSA seeks to encourage academic activities and intellectual dialogue among scholars and to promote academic exchanges and mutual understanding between Korean and foreign scholars. KPSA is free from any ideological inclination as well as political prejudice. Furthermore, it does not identify with any political parties or the government. With a view to broaden the scope of its activity, KPSA was registered in January 1995 as an incorporated body of the Korean National Assembly.

 

 

 Academic activities of KPSA include annual symposia, workshops, and the publication of a journal. Academic activities are organized by the Research Committee of KPSA which consists of several subdivisions. KPSA hosts an annual convention, quarterly seminars, and occasional workshops. KPSA has published Korean Political Science Review since 1959 and The Korean Political Science Association Newsletter since 1969.

KPSA has also been actively involved in international academic activities. It has hosted several international conferences to which both Korean and foreign scholars have been invited. Among others, in 1997, KPSA successfully hosted the 17th World Congress of International Political Science Association in Seoul participated by 2000 foreign scholars from more than 70 countries. KPSA has held joint conferences with Japanese Political Science Association since 1998 and Political Association of Thailand since 2001. 

 

During 1989 -1991, he served as a dean of graduate school at Sogang University. Sogang Graduate School has attained its license from the Ministry of Culture and Education on Dec. 18, 1967 to increase the study level of scientific theories and its application as well as to cultivate character of leadership and originality. The original the plan was to open master's degree course on July 25, 1967 on three majors: Physics, Business Administration, and Economics. But for a better educational system management, keeping a balance among Humanities, Science, and Economics, Business Administration was replaced to History.

So the Graduate School opened on March 1, 1968 with ten students in each major, Physics, Economics, and History. Prof. Choi, Sang-up was inaugurated as the first president of the Graduate School.

 

On April 24, 1985, a ceremony to commemorate Sogang's 25th anniversary was held. Guests included Fr. Geppert, one of the first Jesuits to come to Korea and the person who is recognized as Sogang's founder. 1979 Nobel Peace Prize winner Mother Teresa visited Sogang in May 1981 and gave two lectures, one in the auditorium and the other at the basketball court, at which she appealed for all people to practice true love. In 1984 the Korean Catholic Church celebrated its bicentennial. To celebrate, Pope John Paul II visited Korea on May 5. The Pope came to Sogang to meet with the members of the religious orders, brothers, nuns, and priests at the gymnasium, and with Korean intellectuals at the auditorium.

 In 1997, he retired. He is now spends most of his days reading and writing books about his field. Nowadays I am extremely busy, so my father and I rarely see or speak to each other. The few times a year we do speak is usually around Christmas and national holidays. My father supported me until I was an adult.

 

 

Hope you know how much it means to wish the best for you, because you're always thought about with love the whole year through. Hope you know how much it means to wish the best for you, because you're always thought about with love the whole year through.

In lifes journey I always thought I was right and my dad was wrong. But lifes harsh lessons made me realize that dads words were right all along.

All this time I expected you to step into my shoes but not once did I think about stepping into yours. But as life has taught me its lessons I realize how much love for me you have always had in store. Thanks dad. 

 

Sungwook Kim

 

 

 

Dependency theory is the notion that resources flow from a "periphery" of poor and underdeveloped states to a "core" of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the former. It is a central contention of dependency theory that poor states are impoverished and rich ones enriched by the way poor states are integrated into the "world system". Dependency theory no longer has many proponents as an overall theory, but some writers have argued for its continuing relevance as a conceptual orientation to the global division of wealth.

 

 

Dad, when I think about all the good things God has given me, you always come to mind. Your wisdom has taught me to trust in the Lord and your courage has shown me how to walk in faith. You have encouraged me to reach for the stars. Thanks for all the times you lifted me up and helped me believe that anything was possible. I hope you know how blessed I feel to have you in my life, today and always. Im proud to be your son, and also congratulations on your academic achievements for the dependency theory in political science field.

    Sungwook Kim